The cultivation of the olive tree has existed for thousands of years particularly around the Mediterranean Sea. Olives and oil from this tree have significantly contributed to the diet of people and is an indispensable part of their culture. Today, olive oil, besides being a staple product in the Mediterranean diet, is highly appreciated internationally for its delicate and fragrant aroma. In addition, recent discoveries indicate that olive oil contributes to the prevention and control of cardiovascular and digestive system diseases, as well as diabetes and can retard cellular oxidation.